Prof. Jan TreurSocial AI Group, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands
Speech Title: Context-Sensitive Control of Adaptation: Self-Modeling Networks for Human Mental Processes Using Mental Models
Abstract: Within their mental and social processes, humans often learn, adapt and apply specific mental models of processes in the world or other persons as a kind of blueprints. In this presentation, it is discussed how analysis of this provides useful inspiration for the development of new computational approaches from a Machine Learning and Network-Oriented Modeling perspective. Three main elements are: applying a mental model as a form of internal (mental) simulation, developing and revising a mental model by some form of adaptation, and exerting control over this adaptation in a context-sensitive manner. This concept of controlled adaptation relates to the Plasticity Versus Stability Conundrum from neuroscience. The presented analysis has led to a three-level computational architecture for controlled adaptation. It is discussed and illustrated by examples of applications how this three-level computational architecture can be specified based on a self-modeling network and used to model controlled learning and adaptation processes based on mental models in a context-sensitive manner. This presentation is based on joint work with Raj Bhalwankar and Laila van Ments.
Biography: Jan Treur works as a full professor in Artificial Intelligence. He is an internationally well-recognized expert in human-directed AI and cognitive and social modelling. The research of Jan Treur during the past 10 years concerns both fundamental and application-directed aspects of human-directed AI. This covers methods and techniques for modelling and analysis of human-directed AI approaches in a number of application areas, including Cognitive and Social modelling and simulation. He has been and still is active both by author and PC member roles in practically all relevant conferences and journals in these AI and application areas. Currently his research has mostly a multidisciplinary focus and addresses Network-Oriented Modeling approaches based on adaptive temporal-causal networks to model cognitive, affective and social interactions, with two books about this published in 2016 and 2020. Applications cover multi-order adaptive network models for mental and social simulation and human-aware or socially aware AI systems and virtual agents. More details can be found at URL https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Jan_Treur.